Smart city is a common term for the use of information technology to manage city services, infrastructure and facilities. The term is commonly applied to pervasive computing and big data techniques that involve installing large numbers of sensors such as cameras and microphones across a city. Sensors generate a great deal of data that may be directly used by police to monitor a city. In other cases, sensor data isn't used by local law enforcement directly but is potentially shared with the policing and security agencies of a nation.
Increasingly advanced techniques, particularly in the area of artificial intelligence, allow sensor data such as video to be analyzed to identify individuals and attempt to interpret their state of mind or motivations. This analysis can theoretically be feed to predictive analytics to attempt to determine if an individual is likely to commit a crime.
Such levels of monitoring and analysis may have a chilling effect on a city as people feel their every action is being watched, scored and permanently archived by their local and national government.It should be noted that smart city technology is a broad category of information technology tools. Not all these tools collect data that is personally identifiable.
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