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What is the Chinese Room?

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The Chinese Room is a thought experiment that suggests that artificial intelligence can't exhibit consciousness because machines simply process information that they don't "understand."
The Chinese Room thought experiment is an analogy to artificial intelligence. A person who can't speak Chinese is sitting in a room text chatting in Chinese. They have a book that gives them an appropriate response to each series of symbols that appear in the chat. The person on the other side of the chat can't tell that they are speaking to someone who can't speak Chinese. The person in the room doesn't understand anything about the conversation and is simply looking up symbols in a book.
The Turing test, a common way to define and test artificial intelligence, involves a computer imitating a human on a chat. According to the test, if a machine can convince people that it's human, it's intelligent. The Chinese Room analogy shows that by this definition of machine intelligence that computers need not understand the conversation to pass.
Overview: Chinese Room
A thought experiment that shows that machines can pass the Turing test without understanding the conversation. Suggests that artificial intelligence is merely an advanced form of computing that doesn't approach the abilities of human thought.
Proposed By
John Rogers Searle
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Artificial Intelligence

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Chinese Room
Decision Trees
Deep Learning
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Ensemble Learning
Event Processing
Forward Chaining
Fuzzy Logic
IT Biases
IT Examples
Machine Biases
Machine Unlearning
Predictive Analytics
Sentiment Analysis
Swarm Intelligence
Turing Test
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