PlanningDeveloping plans to implement strategy.
ControlsImplementing internal controls that systematize policy and procedure.
OrganizationOrganizing work and resources. applications and systems to improve productivity and efficiency.
MeasurementDeveloping metrics, measurements and reports that can be used to drive improvements and provide transparency to stakeholders.
Stakeholder RelationshipsManaging relationships with stakeholders such as governments, communities and organizations.Identifying, analyzing and treating risk. quality of services with quality control, quality management and quality assurance techniques.
Programs & ProjectsSponsoring, governing and managing programs and projects.evaluating performance. knowledge.
FinanceDeveloping, submitting and controlling budgets.
Administration vs ManagementAdministration is the interpretation and implementation of policy. Management is the direction and control of resources to achieve objectives. The primary difference between these two terms is that managers are given more flexibility to achieve objectives in novel ways. Administrators are expected to follow conventions and standards. As such, management is associated with roles that require aggressive change and innovation. Administration is associated with roles that require compliance and standardization.
The interpretation and implementation of policy.
The executive branch in presidential systems of government.