The UniverseThe Universe itself. The information required to fully model the Big Bang is increasing rapidly as the Universe moves from a state of order to disorder in a process of entropy.
ClimateThe climate system of Earth is influenced by a large number of variables including elements of the atmosphere, hydrosphere, cryosphere, lithosphere and biosphere.
EcosystemsCommunities of living organisms interacting as a system.
OrganismsIndividual organisms are complex systems.
CognitionThe human brain and human thought are complex systems. For example, people demonstrate nonlinear behavior whereby they change their mind and alter their behavior in a dynamic or spontaneous fashion.
Society & CultureAs human cognition is complex, systems based on human interaction also tend to be complex. This includes society, culture and related systems such as art. office politics may cause organizations to do spontaneous things such as making odd decisions. Human talents such as creativity are also a wild card in modeling organizations. emergence and spontaneity despite systems of planning, rules and control that seek to make things predictable.
|Overview: Complex Systems|
A system that is prohibitively complex to fully model or predict.