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15 Types of Information Requirements

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Information requirements are specifications of an information need. These are typically captured to request information or to develop an information system, process or document. The following are common examples of information requirements.

Source

A specification of how information will be acquired.

Format

Format specifications such as a standard date format for a user interface.

Transformation

Transformations that will be applied to information such as business rules for displaying an account status.

Calculation

Calculations such as a formula for calculating a metric.

Timeliness

Time-based requirements such as a requirement that a field be updated every minute.

Structure

Information structures such as categories, tags, hierarchies and document templates.

Controls

Controls such as the authentication and authorization required to view information.

Information Security

Requirements that information be secured from unauthorized access, deletion, modification or disruption.

Integrity

Specifications for the quality of information such as validation rules.

Credibility

Specifications concerning the credibility of information such a list of trusted sources for market data.

Availability

The availability of an information source such as a target uptime for a knowledge management tool of 99.9%.

Completeness

The scope, depth and coverage of information. For example, the requirement that descriptions of food products include a full ingredient list.

Relevance

The relevance of information such as a requirement that an ecommerce search for men's clothing not return any items classified as women's or children's clothing.

Usability

Requirements for user interfaces for accessing information. For example, the requirement that product information be displayed in a dense format so that information can be consumed without scrolling or navigating multiple pages.

Readability

Readability related requirements in areas such as image size, font size, grammar, spelling and writing style.
Overview: Information Requirements
Type
Definition
Specifications of an information need.
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