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Fluid vs Crystallized Intelligence

 , April 09, 2016 updated on January 08, 2017
Crystallized intelligence is the ability to use knowledge and experience. Fluid intelligence is the ability to solve new problems independently of knowledge or experience.
Generally speaking, crystallized intelligence often results from fluid intelligence. For example, a child typically experiments with things in order to understand them. As a person gains experience, their crystallized intelligence grows. Abilities associated with intelligence such as mathematics or language are mostly crystallized abilities by the time a person becomes an adult.
Overview: Fluid Intelligence vs Crystallized Intelligence
Fluid Intelligence DefinitionThe ability to understand new situations and solve novel problems without use of existing knowledge and experience.
Crystallized Intelligence DefinitionThe ability to use knowledge and experience.
Examples of Fluid IntelligenceChildhood
Acquiring new skills
Solving new problems and creating new things
Imagination and creativity
Examples of Crystallized IntelligenceSpeaking in your native language
Processes and rules
Repeating techniques that have worked in the past.
Related ConceptsIntelligence
Thought Processes
Divergent Thinking
Convergent Thinking
Resistance to Change


This is the complete list of articles we have written about intelligence.
Abstract Thinking
Artificial Intelligence
Collective Intelligence
Crystallized Intelligence
Design Thinking
Rational Thought
Situational Awareness
Social Intelligence
Strategic Thinking
Swarm Intelligence
Systems Thinking
More ...
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