Information infrastructure are the basic physical and non-physical structures that support information technology. The term suggests foundational services upon which many information technologies are built. The following are common types of information infrastructure.
Fiber-optic CommunicationThe basic communications cables that connect cities and regions including submarine cables.
Communications SatellitesSatellites in orbit that provide communication services.
Network HardwareThe networking hardware such as core routers that connect networks to create larger networks such as the internet.
Computing HardwareColocation and cloud computing hardware that forms the basis of internet computing capabilities.
FacilitiesFacilities where infrastructure lives including data centers and telecom facilities.
SoftwareFundamental software components that support countless services such as operating systems, web servers and content management systems.
PlatformsPlatforms that host a wide range of services such as a cloud computing platform.
SystemsFoundational systems such as the global positioning system.
Services Core services such as a social media platform that is widely integrated with other services.
Last Mile InfrastructureThe network infrastructure that connects locations such as homes and businesses to the internet.
End User DevicesDevices directly by users such as mobile devices and computers.End point devices such as sensors that are network connected.
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