A-Z Popular Blog Encyclopedia Search »
Technology
Simplicable Guide
A-Z
Search
Popular
Sitemap
Advertisements
Information Technology

It Management

Information Security

Technology Management

Networks

15 Components of a Data Center

 , December 13, 2016 updated on November 01, 2017
A data center is a facility that houses information technology hardware such as computing units, data storage and networking equipment. They are primarily designed to secure information technology resources and keep things up and running with very little downtime. The following are common components of a data center.

Computing Hardware

Computing units, data storage devices and other hardware deployed by customers or provided as a service by the data center.

Racks

Data center hardware is typically mounted into racks that maximize the use of space in the facility. Racks may stretch towards the ceiling leaving just enough room for overhead cable systems, cooling and airflow.

Technology Infrastructure

Network and security devices that provide foundational services such as internet connectivity.

Connectivity

Data centers often have multiple fiber connections to the internet provided by multiple carriers.

Facility

Data center buildings may be specifically designed as a data center. For example, the height of ceilings will match requirements for racks and overhead systems. In some cases, a data center occupies a floor of an existing building.

Site

A data center requires a site with connections to grids, networks and physical infrastructure such as roads. Proximity to markets, customers, employees and services also play a role in selecting an appropriate site. Locating data centers in cold climates can reduce cooling costs.

Power

Each machine in a data center may be dual-power provided with the data center having multiple grid connections. As such, the electrical infrastructure in a data center can be quite complex with features for distribution, switching and bypass of power.

Cabling System

A system for managing the great length of cables that connect each machine in a data center to power, networks, devices and resources. It is common for data centers to have a raised floor for easy access to cables. Alternatively, some cabling systems hang from the ceiling.

UPS

Uninterruptible power source systems that provide protection from short power outages and unstable power supply such as surges.

Energy Production Systems

A system of backup power such as a generator with fuel storage. It is also common for data centers to have a solar panel system on the roof or nearby.

Environment Control

Systems for cooling hardware and providing heating, ventilation, air conditioning, humidification and dehumidification for the facility. Cooling is a significant element of data center efficiency. Data centers may be specifically designed and operated to minimize the power required to cool equipment.

Fire Protection

Active systems for fire protection such as smoke detectors and a fire sprinkler system. Passive systems such as fire-resistant barriers may also be used.

Meet-me Room

An area for telecommunications companies to physically connect their networks and exchange traffic.

Physical Security

Data centers are designed for security with few windows and features such as mantraps for access control. They are typically monitored with cameras and may have on-site security guards.

Network Operations Center (NOC)

A room for operations staff with tools for monitoring, administering, maintaining and securing computing resources. A NOC may act as first line support that provide service desk, incident management and problem management services.
Overview: Data Centers
Type
DefinitionA facility that houses information technology hardware.
Related Concepts

Computing

This is the complete list of articles we have written about computing.
Abstraction
Affective Computing
Algorithms
AI
Big Data
Binary
Brute Force
Caching
Character Set
Client-Server
Coding
Coding Principles
Colocation
Compression
Computing
Computing Basics
Computing Culture
Cryptographic Keys
Cryptography
Dark Data
Data
Data Centers
Data Infrastructure
Data Integration
Data Migration
Data Processing
Data Science
Data Security
Deep Learning
Deep Magic
Digital
Edge Computing
Edit Distance
Emergence
End-User Computing
Files
Gamification
Garbage In, Garbage Out
Halt And Catch Fire
Hexadecimal
Horizontal Scale
Instance
Internet Of Things
IT Infrastructure
Job Processing
Key Stretching
Latency
Local Area Network
Machine Learning
Meet-me Room
Micro Data Center
Microcomputer
Moore's Law
Near Real-Time
Network Infra
Networking
Networks
Operating Systems
Overlay Network
Precomputation
Private IP
Private Network
Proof Of Work
Proxy Server
Qualitative Data
Random Seed
Reverse Algorithms
Reverse Proxy
Swarm Intelligence
System on a Chip
Throughput
Unstructured Data
Vertical Scale
Virtual Machine
Yobibyte
If you enjoyed this page, please consider bookmarking Simplicable.
 
The most popular articles on Simplicable in the past day.

New Articles

Recent posts or updates on Simplicable.
Site Map