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3 Types of Intellectual Capital

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Intellectual capital is the intangible value of a business. This includes anything that isn't physical that adds to the productive capacity of a firm. The following are the primary types of intellectual capital.

Human Capital

The knowledge, know-how, abilities and creativity of employees. In many cases, people don't like to be referred to as "capital." Terms such as talent or human resources are common alternatives.

Structural Capital

Intangible elements of a firm's organizational culture, business processes and ability to innovate. This includes documents, media, processes, systems, applications, data, intellectual property and trade secrets.

Relational Capital

A firm's relationship with the outside world including investors, customers, employees, partners, regulators, communities and other stakeholders. This can include both informal relationships such as business contacts and formal contracts.
Overview: Intellectual Capital
The intangible value of a business.
Related Concepts


This is the complete list of articles we have written about capital.
Capital Equipment
Capital Goods
Capital Intensity
Central Planning
Data Asset
Financial Capital
Fixed Asset
Human Capital
Individual Capital
Intellectual Capital
Knowledge Capital
Mixed Economy
Natural Capital
Physical Capital
Process Capital
Public Capital
Relational Capital
Social Capital
Structural Capital
More ...
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A list of common types of capital.

Capital Goods

A definition of capital goods with examples.


The definition of capital with examples.

Structural Capital

A definition of structural capital with examples.

Intangible Assets

Assets that have no physical presence.

Natural Capital

The basic types of natural capital.

Capital Investment

The definition of capital investment with examples.

Social Capital

The definition of social capital with examples.

Cultural Capital

A definition of cultural capital with examples.

Patent Ambush

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Inventive Step vs Non-Obviousness

The difference between inventive step and non-obviousness.

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Relational Capital

A definition of relational capital with examples.

Factors Of Production

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