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6 Types of Natural Capital

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Natural capital is the world's stock of natural resources. The services provided by natural capital sustain life and are necessary for all economic activity. Damage to natural capital is often not considered by economic systems such that damaging the environment is often free of financial costs. This has resulted in significant global risks and declines in quality of life such as poor air quality. The following are common types of natural capital.


The structure of the Earth.


A medium that is required to grow plants that consists of organic matter, minerals, gases, liquids and organisms.


The layer of gases, commonly known as the atmosphere, that surrounds the planet.


Water in oceans, rivers, lakes, wetlands, underground structures, soil, air and other places.


Living things such as animals, plants, fungi and microorganisms.


Systems such as ecosystems and climate systems that are necessary to the survival of life.
Overview: Natural Capital
The world's stock of natural resources.
Related Concepts


This is the complete list of articles we have written about capital.
Capital Equipment
Capital Goods
Capital Intensity
Central Planning
Data Asset
Financial Capital
Fixed Asset
Human Capital
Individual Capital
Intellectual Capital
Knowledge Capital
Mixed Economy
Natural Capital
Physical Capital
Process Capital
Public Capital
Relational Capital
Social Capital
Structural Capital
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A list of common types of capital.

Capital Goods

A definition of capital goods with examples.


The definition of capital with examples.

Structural Capital

A definition of structural capital with examples.

Intangible Assets

Assets that have no physical presence.

Intellectual Capital

The 3 main types of intellectual capital.

Capital Investment

The definition of capital investment with examples.

Social Capital

The definition of social capital with examples.

Cultural Capital

A definition of cultural capital with examples.

Existential Risk

An overview of existential risk.

Precautionary Principle

An overview of the precautionary principle.

Comparative Risk

A definition of comparative risk with examples.

Energy Efficiency

The common types of energy efficiency.

External Stakeholders

The definition of external stakeholder with examples.

Economic Bad

Common examples of an economic bad.


The definition of win-lose with examples.

Climate Engineering

An overview of climate engineering.

Soil Carbon

Why carbon soil is important.
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