Natural capital is the world's stock of natural resources. The services provided by natural capital sustain life and are necessary for all economic activity. Damage to natural capital is often not considered by economic systems such that damaging the environment is often free of financial costs. This has resulted in significant global risks and declines in quality of life such as poor air quality. The following are common types of natural capital.
GeologyThe structure of the Earth.
SoilA medium that is required to grow plants that consists of organic matter, minerals, gases, liquids and organisms.
AirThe layer of gases, commonly known as the atmosphere, that surrounds the planet.
WaterWater in oceans, rivers, lakes, wetlands, underground structures, soil, air and other places.
OrganismsLiving things such as animals, plants, fungi and microorganisms.
SystemsSystems such as ecosystems and climate systems that are necessary to the survival of life.
This is the complete list of articles we have written about capital.
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A list of common types of capital.
A definition of capital goods with examples.
A definition of structural capital with examples.
Assets that have no physical presence.
The 3 main types of intellectual capital.
The definition of capital investment with examples.
The definition of social capital with examples.
A definition of cultural capital with examples.
An overview of existential risk.
An overview of the precautionary principle.
A definition of comparative risk with examples.
The common types of energy efficiency.
The definition of external stakeholder with examples.
Common examples of an economic bad.
The definition of win-lose with examples.
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