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15 Examples of Economic Goods

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An economic good is a result of human effort that has utility. This includes all value created by economic systems including intangible value such as knowledge and services. The following are common examples of economic goods.

Private Goods

A good that is owned by an individual or family such that others are excluded from using it without permission. For example, a bed in a home.

Public Goods

Goods that are free for all to use. These can be specific to a location such as a beach, park or road. Public goods also include intangible value such as a work of art that has entered the public domain.

Club Goods

A business model that provides public access to private capital for a fee. For example, a theme park.

Tangible Goods

Any value that you can touch such as a toothbrush or bridge.

Intangible Goods

Goods that derive much of their value from things you can't touch. For example, music or a meal at a restaurant.

Consumer Goods

Products that are made for people such as a toaster.

Fast Moving Consumer Goods

Fast moving consumer goods are products that are quickly used up by consumers such that they need to be regularly replenished. For example, food, cleaning supplies and cosmetics.

Durable Goods

Goods with a useful life of more than two years.

Business Goods

Products that are made for businesses such as a tractor. It is increasingly common for businesses to use consumer goods as they are often far cheaper and comparable in quality. For example, a cafe that uses a consumer model of microwave.

Intermediate Goods

Goods that aren't finished such that they don't have utility on their own. This is also known as the factors of production and includes labor, components and materials.

Credence Goods

Credence goods are goods where it is very difficult for consumers to judge quality such that they rely on things such as standards, consumer protection and professional certifications. For example, advice from a doctor or lawyer where much knowledge is required to understand the quality of the advice.


Goods where customers see little difference in quality from one producer to the next such that they always buy the cheapest item. This gives producers no incentives to increase quality beyond some minimal standard that customers expect. Confusingly, the term commodity is also commonly used as a synonym of goods. This is technically incorrect.

Inferior Good

A good that people purchase more as they have less money. For example, fast food sales that do well in a recession.

Superior Good

A good that people purchase more as their income or wealth increases. For example, business class flights.

Veblen Good

A good that achieves higher demand as its price rises. This is not normal and is quite rare. It is a common misconception that all luxury goods are veblen. However, if you discount a luxury item, demand will certainly increase even if this may damage the long term status of a brand.

Economic Goods vs Free Goods

Free goods are goods that can be obtained without work such as air and water. Knowledge, know-how and inventions are free goods when they enter the public domain.

Economic Goods vs Economic Bads

An economic bad is a negative result of the process that creates economic goods. For example, the air pollution and waste that is created by delivering an ecommerce package. Economic bads include the entire lifecycle of product usage such as the air pollution created by a motorcycle each minute and mile it is operating.


Products, services and experiences that are traded on markets are all economic goods.


This is the complete list of articles we have written about goods.
Brown Goods
Business Goods
Capital Goods
Club Goods
Common Goods
Common Resources
Complementary Goods
Consumer Discretionary
Consumer Durables
Consumer Goods
Consumer Products
Consumer Staples
Digital Goods
Durable Goods
Economic Goods
Experience Goods
Fashion Goods
Final Goods
Finished Goods
Goods & Services
Inferior Good
Information Good
Intangible Goods
Intermediate Goods
Knowledge Product
Luxury Goods
Market Goods
Merit Good
Natural Resources
Necessity Goods
Perfect Substitute
Public Goods
Search Good
Social Goods
Soft Goods
Sporting Goods
Substitute Good
Superior Goods
Unsought Goods
Veblen Goods
Virtual Goods
White Goods
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Superior Good

The definition of superior good.


The common types of goods.

Luxury Goods

The definition of luxury good with examples.

Consumer Durables

The definition of consumer durable with examples.

Soft Goods

The definition of soft goods with a list of examples.

Sectors Economy

A list of the sectors of the economy.

Sporting Goods

A list of common types of sporting good.

Value Opposite

A list of opposites of value.

Product Examples

A list of the common types of product with examples of each.

Services Examples

A list of common services.

Relative Advantage

A definition of relative advantage with examples.

Product Positioning

A list of common types of product positioning.

Durable Products

The definition of durable product with examples.

Cost Leadership Definition

An overview of cost leadership.

Product Market

An overview of product markets with examples.

White Goods

The definition of white goods with examples.
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