Data

# Correlation vs Causation

, updated on
Correlation is a relationship between two things. Causation is a specific relationship between two things where one causes the other.
It is extremely common for correlation to be confused with causation. In other words, when two things are related it is tempting to think that one causes the other.
The assumption that correlation implies causation, is considered a logical fallacy known as questionable cause. It is a common reason for mistakes in science, business, legal proceedings and professions such as medicine.
Consider data that shows that gray cars are statistically involved in less accidents than other colors of car in a particular city. It might be tempting to conclude that gray is a safer color for cars. However, there are a large number of alternative factors that could explain the data. People who buy gray cars may be older or more conservative in their driving habits. Alternatively, gray cars may be likely to be a certain type of model. For example, it may be rare for sports cars to be gray.
 Overview: Correlation vs Causation Type Statistical Fallacy Correlation Definition A relationship between things. Causation Definition One thing that causes another Related Rules Correlation does not imply causation Related Concepts Apples & OrangesQuestionable CauseCognitive Biases

## Statistical Analysis

This is the complete list of articles we have written about statistical analysis.
Cohort
Data Science
Distributions
Exponential Growth
Forecasting
Growth
Large Numbers
Misuse of Statistics
Negative Correlation
Populations
Positive Correlation
Regression Analysis
Research
Samples
Statistical Model
Statistics
Structured Data
More ...

## Cognitive Biases

A list of common cognitive biases explained.

## Top

Simplicable is a modern encyclopedia that has been updated daily since 2010.

A list of interesting business theories.

## Knowledge Work

A definition of knowledge work with examples.

## Office Politics

A list of social processes, absurdities and strategies related to office politics.

## Product Development

A guide to product development.

## Types Of Knowledge

The differences between types of knowledge.

## Trough Of Sorrow

An overview of the trough of sorrow.

A list of common business models.

## Marketing

A list of key marketing strategies.

The most popular articles on Simplicable in the past day.

## New Articles

Recent posts or updates on Simplicable.
Site Map