A-Z Popular Blog Top Search »
Simplicable Guide

Green Roof vs Roof Garden

 , May 26, 2016 updated on October 14, 2017
A green roof is the practice of growing vegetation directly on a roof over a waterproof membrane. A roof garden is a similar technique that places container gardens on a roof. Both techniques may partially or completely cover a roof. Both may feature recreational facilities or commercial facilities such as a rooftop cafe.

Intensive vs Extensive

A green roof comes in two varieties: intensive and extensive. Intensive includes a thick layer of soil that can support large vegetation such as small trees. An extensive green roof is characterized by a thinner layer of soil and smaller plants.


Green roofs may make a city more beautiful, clean the air, moderate urban heat islands, produce local food, reduce stormwater runoff, increase biodiversity and improve the efficiency of a building by acting as insulation.
Rooftop gardens have many of the same benefits but generally aren't as effective at capturing water or insulating a building.
Green Roof vs Roof Garden
Green RoofRoof Garden
DefinitionVegetation planted directly on a roof over a protective waterproof membrane.Vegetation planted in containers on a roof.
Potential BenefitsBeautification
Air Quality
Urban Heat Moderation
Food Production
Reducing Runoff
Air Quality
Urban Heat Moderation
Food Production
Reducing Runoff


This is the complete list of articles we have written about cities.
Activity Center
Air Rights
Bicycle Boulevard
Blue Space
Business Cluster
City Branding
City Culture
City Issues
Cosmopolitan City
Creeping Normality
Cycling Infra.
Deep Water Cooling
District Heating
Emergent Cities
Fashion Capital
Fashion Week
Genius Loci
Ghost Spaces
Green Facades
Green Roofs
Green Walls
Happiness Index
High-Speed Rail
Human Factors
Human Scale
Induced Traffic
Living Street
Natural Surveillance
Night Architecture
Night Economy
Play Street
Public Infrastructure
Public Space
Quality Of Life
Rain Garden
Resilient Cities
Robot Highways
Slow Cities
Smart Cities
Soft Engineering
Sponge City
Street Canyon
Tactical Urbanism
Transition Design
Urban Agriculture
Urban Density
Urban Design
Urban Planning
Vertical Cities
If you enjoyed this page, please consider bookmarking Simplicable.

Urban Design

A few common urban design terms.

Green Walls vs Green Facades

The difference between a green wall and green facade.

Sustainable Urban Design

A list of sustainable urban design techniques.

Passive Design vs Active Design

The difference between active and passive design.

Street Canyon

How a street canyon changes an urban environment.

Parti Pris

An overview of parti pris in architecture with an example.

City Issues

A list of common city issues.

Community Problems

A list of common community problems.

Things In Cities

An a-z list of things in cities.

City Types

An list of the common types of city.

Existential Risk

An overview of existential risk.

Precautionary Principle

An overview of the precautionary principle.

Comparative Risk

A definition of comparative risk with examples.

Energy Efficiency

The common types of energy efficiency.

External Stakeholders

The definition of external stakeholder with examples.

Economic Bad

Common examples of an economic bad.


The definition of win-lose with examples.
The most popular articles on Simplicable in the past day.

New Articles

Recent posts or updates on Simplicable.
Site Map