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What is an Internet Exchange Point?

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An internet exchange point is infrastructure that is used to physically connect the IP networks of telecoms, internet service providers and/or content delivery networks. They are typically located in a meet-me room at a colocation or telecom facility. Interconnecting networks generally has advantages in terms of cost, bandwidth, latency and fault-tolerance. Such connections are part of the essential infrastructure of the internet. The internet is essentially formed by connecting networks to networks.


Connections are typically achieved with one or more network switches. The connections are governed by peering agreements between each of the parties. Traffic may be exchanged between networks without fees or payments may be required. In some jurisdictions, laws and regulations may require large national telecom providers to offer interconnection to smaller firms.
Overview: Internet Exchange Point
Physical infrastructure that is used to exchange internet traffic between different networks.
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