Tacit knowledge is a type of information, understanding or ability that is difficult to articulate, communicate and transfer from one person to another. It is associated with skills that require lengthy experience and innate ability to master. The following are examples of areas that are typically considered tacit knowledge.
1. MusicThe skill and ability required to master a musical instrument.
2. StrategyStrategy tends to be difficult to automate or document with unbreakable rules.
3. Emotional IntelligenceReading and using emotion to achieve results such as influence is a difficult to acquire skill that appears to come naturally to some people.
4. Problem SolvingProblem solving techniques can be documented and taught but a vast difference in speed and ability to solve complex problems exists between people that resists knowledge transfer.
5. AestheticsA sense of aesthetics tends to be a personal thing that is difficult to express with precision. Skills related to aesthetics such as art and design are typically considered tacit knowledge.
6. ArchitectureArchitecture is the design of structure and form. Its mastery is thought to be largely experience-based including factors such as culture and artistic sense. It's also associated with abilities such as spatial intelligence.
7. IntuitionIntuition is a type of thought process that produces analysis almost instantaneously. It is important to situations that require decisions and actions in a fast moving environment such as driving.
8. SportsPhysical abilities such as sports are a type of tacit knowledge that are difficult to codify.
9. Decision MakingDecision making has an art to it. It is widely accepted that years of experience in a particular area or domain tend to improve decisions.
10. LanguageLanguage skills such as intonation and pronunciation are impossible to learn from a book. Full immersion is typically required to master a language.
11. Know-howKnow-how is a general term for business knowledge related to processes and practices. In many cases, know-how is remarkably difficult to transfer from one organization to another. For example, a process that is fully documented may work at one organization but not another. Such failures are commonly attributed to tacit knowledge that exists within the corporate culture and skilled employees of an organization.
This is the complete list of articles we have written about knowledge management.
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