Sigmund Freud's theory of ego is very different from how ego is depicted in common language and popular culture where it is synonymous with selfishness or excessive pride.A person is only born with an id and the ego and super-ego are developed with learning. Without an ego, you would return to an infant-like state where you only make demands without any realistic way of achieving them yourself. The ego implements executive functions of the mind. These are basic functions that allow for the cognitive control of behavior.The ego acts according to the reality principle -- it seeks to achieve things in the long term given the realities of the external world.The id, ego and super-ego are conceptual. The mind doesn't necessarily actually work with these mechanisms. Defense mechanisms are ploys to reduce stress from the judgement of super-ego.
Attention to Detail
Calculated Risk Taking
Learning From Failure
Realistic / Pragmatic Judgement
Skill Acquisition / Mastery
A mental layer that tries to fill the demands of the id by using input from the super-ego.
The executive functions of the mind that work according to the reality principle whereby desires are achieve in the long-run by working in a pragmatic way that considers the apparent realities of the external world.