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41 Examples of Ego

 , November 17, 2022
The id, ego and super-ego are three concepts of psychoanalytic theory that describe the mental life of a person. The id is the will of a person that demands absolute power and immediate satisfaction. The super-ego is the critical element of the mind that is moral, judgemental and socially considerate. The ego is the realistic element of the mind that tries to fill the demands of the id in the real world by using input from the super-ego. The following are illustrative functions of the ego.
Attention to Detail
Calculated Risk Taking
Civility
Communication
Competing
Cooperation
Decision Making
Defense Mechanisms
Discipline
Effort
Flexibility
Goal Planning
Influencing
Initiative
Introspection
Learning
Learning From Failure
Listening
Managing Resources
Managing Time
Mental Focus
Negotiation
Organization
Perception
Planning
Politeness
Prioritizing
Problem Solving
Realistic / Pragmatic Judgement
Regulating Emotions
Regulating Mood
Self-Control
Self-Improvement
Self-Monitoring
Self-Restraint
Skill Acquisition / Mastery
Social Perception
Strategy
Stress Tolerance
Thought Processes
Work
Sigmund Freud's theory of ego is very different from how ego is depicted in common language and popular culture where it is synonymous with selfishness or excessive pride.
A person is only born with an id and the ego and super-ego are developed with learning. Without an ego, you would return to an infant-like state where you only make demands without any realistic way of achieving them yourself.
The ego implements executive functions of the mind. These are basic functions that allow for the cognitive control of behavior.
The ego acts according to the reality principle -- it seeks to achieve things in the long term given the realities of the external world.
The id, ego and super-ego are conceptual. The mind doesn't necessarily actually work with these mechanisms.
Defense mechanisms are ploys to reduce stress from the judgement of super-ego.
Overview: Ego
Type
Definition (1)
A mental layer that tries to fill the demands of the id by using input from the super-ego.
Definition (2)
The executive functions of the mind that work according to the reality principle whereby desires are achieve in the long-run by working in a pragmatic way that considers the apparent realities of the external world.
Related Concepts

Social Thinking

This is the complete list of articles we have written about social thinking.
Active Silence
Adaptability
Attention Span
Candor
Charisma
Consensus Building
Coolness
Creative Tension
Creative Thinking
Critical Thinking
Ego
Empathy
Eye Contact
Facilitation
Generalization
Humor
Inference
Listening
Looking-Glass Self
Message Framing
Negotiation
Norms
Nudges
Personal Presence
Plain Language
Play
Problem Solving
Questions
Respect
Salience
Saving Face
Self-Control
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Signaling
Small Talk
Social Attitudes
Social Development
Social Goals
Social Interests
Social Pressure
Social Situations
Social Skills
Social Things
Social Thinking
Social Validation
Socializing
Staircase Wit
Storytelling
Trust Issues
Wit
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