First PrinciplesWorking from what you know or hold to be true.
Keep it SimpleAvoiding overthinking to choose a reasonable option quickly.
Design ThinkingDesigning problems out.
JugaadA practical fix that’s temporary and cheap.
Working BackwardsStarting with goals and determining how to achieve them.
Pareto AnalysisFinding the 20% of things that will solve 80% of your problem.
Corrective ActionFixing what’s broken.
Good FailureLooking for value in failure.
WorkaroundQuickly addressing symptoms of a problem with a temporary process.
Root Cause AnalysisDetermining the root cause of a problem to permanently fix it.
Data AnalysisJumping into the data to find explanations and ways out of a problem.
Trial and ErrorTrying things to see if they work.
Fail WellDesigning tests to fail quickly, cheaply and safely.
SWOT AnalysisListing out your strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats.
TroubleshootingTaking steps to determine the cause of a problem.
Problem StatementClearly defining the problem and redefining the problem as required.
5 WhysAsking why five times in succession to dig deeper into a problem.
Working HypothesisDeveloping possible explanations and testing them out.
BrainstormingBrainstorming possible solutions without validation.
Reverse BrainstormingListing what could go wrong with potential solutions.
TradeoffsListing pros and cons of different solutions.
Challenging AssumptionsChallenging what people, including yourself, assume to be true.
Preserving AmbiguityNot assuming things too early in the problem solving process or jumping to the first solution that presents itself.
No Nothing StrategyThe possibility that doing nothing is your best option.
PragmatismDealing with the world as it really exists to accept imperfect solutions that are achievable.
Sanity CheckAsking yourself – does this actually make any sense whatsoever?