Internal MonologueThe use of language to form conscious thought. It is common for individuals to report a running monologue that runs the entire time the individual is awake when they aren't talking to someone.
MeditationThe ability to silence your internal monologue to experience other types of consciousness.
ReadingThe process of reading to yourself.
LearningThe process of learning such as memorization of knowledge before a test.
Conceptual ThinkingThe ability to think in abstract concepts. For example, a student who thinks about how much they value freedom before accepting a job that is particularly demanding and strict. In this case, freedom is an abstract idea that has no tangible form.
Mind's EyeVisualizing the past or imagining the future as a series of visual scenes. It is also possible to solve problems by visualizing ideas including abstractions.how the past could have been different. This can be viewed as a waste of time as the past can't be changed. However, it may also serve as training as a means to learn from the past.
ConjecturePredicting, estimating and approximating when you are missing information. For example, imagining what a new job will be like.
Mind WanderingAllowing your mind to think about ideas that are unrelated to the current moment. For example, thinking about your plans for the weekend in the middle of a conversation with your boss.
Undirected ThoughtAn internal monologue that is repetitive and unproductive such as thinking about a minor insult over and over again in your mind.
Directed ThoughtAn internal monologue that progresses towards a goal. For example, thinking about a purchasing decision to model trade-offs in terms of your needs and product attributes to arrive at a reasonable choice.
All that occurs or exists within a person.
Thoughts, language and emotion that occur when an individual is thinking independently alone as opposed to engaging in a social process of communication and collaborative thought.