Overview: Proof By Example | ||
Type | ||
Definition (1) | Using an example to prove something. | |
Definition (2) | A fallacy based on an attempt to use a statistically insignificant example to prove something. | |
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proof by example
What is Proof By Example? John Spacey, updated on January 15, 2023
Proof by example is an attempt to prove something by using an example. This often results in a fallacy or logical error because a single example is typically statistically insignificant. For example, if you suggest that New York is a dangerous city because you witnessed a crime there, this is statistically insignificant and a fallacy of an argument. However if you argue that Lucy is dangerous because you saw her commit a crime, that argument may be somewhat closer to valid.
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