Formal Deductive ReasoningFormal deductive reasoning conforms to methods of logic and guarantees logically certain conclusions. Deductive reasoning is often contrasted with inductive reasoning which follows a bottom-up approach that starts with specific observations and moves towards general theories. Another difference between the two is that inductive reasoning allows for uncertain conclusions. In other words, deductive reasoning is only interested in certainty but inductive reasoning deals with likelihoods.
|Overview: Deductive Reasoning
Using a set of observations to confirm a theory with logically certainty.
Proving a theory.
Concerned with logically certain conclusions, i.e. not concerned with likelihoods.