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14 Types of Data Infrastructure

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Data infrastructure are foundational services for using, storing and securing data. This includes physical elements such as storage devices and intangible elements such as software. The following are common types of data infrastructure.

Data Ingestion

Infrastructure for obtaining and importing data such as an ETL tool.

Data Access

Interfaces for human access to data such as a website.

APIs & Integration

Interfaces for machine access to data such as APIs and other forms of data integration.

Data Storage

Equipment and software for physically storing data.

Data Processing

Computing hardware and software including systems and applications.


Software that is used to efficiently store, process and access data.


Network infrastructure for transporting data.

Data Security

Hardware and software for securing data.

Data Management

Tools and processes for controlling data such as a master data management platform.

Data Quality

Infrastructure for assuring data quality such as a data lineage tool.

Data Centers

Facilities that host data and data processing infrastructure.

Data Analysis

Tools for data analysis such as a data mining, numerical computing or statistics platform.

Data Visualization

Software such as analytics that visualize data for human consumption.

Cloud Platforms

Platforms that allow many physical machines to be used as one for the purposes of data storage and processing.
Overview: Data Infrastructure
Foundational services for acquiring, using, storing, transporting and securing data.
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