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7 Types of Quantitative Data

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Quantitative data is any data that is in numerical form. It is often compared to qualitative data that includes information expressed in a natural language such as English or Japanese. The following are common types of quantitative data.


A measurement of something physical. For example, a food safety inspection that measures the temperature of food stored in a restaurant refrigerator.


Sensors are devices that automatically measure the physical world to create streams of data. For example, a digital camera turns electromagnetic radiation into a series of numbers using a color model.


Counting things. For example, a train station that counts the number of passengers who enter the station in real time.


Converting qualitative human judgements into numbers. For example, asking customers to rate their satisfaction on a scale of 1 to 4.


Mathematical calculations such as calculating gross margin based on monthly sales figures.


Producing numerical estimates as opposed to exact calculations using algorithms, artificial intelligence, business rules or human judgement. For example, a garbage sorting robot may estimate the probability that a particular object is recyclable plastic.


Predictions produced by algorithms, artificial intelligence or people. For example, a stock analyst may predict the future revenue and net earnings of a company.
Overview: Quantitative Data
Data represented as numbers.
Related Concepts


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Types Of Data
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Types Of Data

The basic types of data.

Transactional Data

A definition of transactional data with examples.

Machine Data

The common types of machine data.

Reference Data

A definition of reference data with examples.

Master Data

A definition of master data with examples.

Atomic Data

A definition of atomic data with examples.

Source Data

The common types of source data.

Context Awareness

The common types of context awareness.

Raw Data

The definition of raw data with examples.

Data In Use

A definition of data in use with examples.


An overview of data with a list of examples.

Qualitative Data

A definition of qualitative data with examples.

Data In Rest

A definition of data in rest with examples.

Data Degradation

The basic types of data degradation.

Data Volume

The definition of data volume with examples.

Data Uncertainty

A definition of data uncertainty with examples.

Data Infrastructure

The definition of data infrastructure with examples.

Qualitative Data vs Quantitative Data

The difference between qualitative data and quantitative data.
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