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9 Types Of Big Data

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Big data is data that is too large to be managed in traditional databases. In other words, big data is large enough to require cloud infrastructure to store it, manage it and use it. The following are common types of big data.


Data streamed by sensors such as video cameras or GPS. Many types of sensors have become extremely cheap allowing them to be embedded into everyday things. As such, sensors are expected to be a major factor in the growth of big data in the coming decades.

Machine Data

Data produced by machines such as commands, calculations and status information streaming out of a manufacturing automation system.

Scientific & Medical

Data produced by scientific instruments and medical equipment. For example, networks of automated weather stations and satellites.


Communications such as email.


Knowledge such as blog posts or business documentation. For example, a search engine that processes much of the information posted to the internet requires big data technologies.


Data that has artistic, entertainment, social or informational value such as videos created and posted by people.

User Interfaces

User interfaces such as social media apps can produce large streams of user input data. Every click by a user is potentially data.


Commercial transactions such as an ecommerce purchase or stock trade.

Derived Data

Data calculated or interpreted from other data. For example, marketing metrics such as brand engagement that are calculated using social media data.
Overview: Big Data
Data that is large enough to require parallel processing technologies and cloud infrastructure to manage and use it.
Related Concepts


This is the complete list of articles we have written about data.
Abstract Data
Atomic Data
Big Data
Cohort Analysis
Dark Data
Data Analysis
Data Architecture
Data Attribute
Data Cleansing
Data Collection
Data Complexity
Data Consumer
Data Control
Data Corruption
Data Custodian
Data Degradation
Data Dredging
Data Entity
Data Federation
Data Integration
Data Integrity
Data Liberation
Data Lineage
Data Literacy
Data Loss
Data Management
Data Massage
Data Migration
Data Mining
Data Owner
Data Producer
Data Quality
Data Remanence
Data Risks
Data Rot
Data Science
Data Security
Data States
Data Transformation
Data Uncertainty
Data Veracity
Data View
Data Virtualization
Data Volume
Data Wipe
Decision Support
Deep Magic
Empirical Evidence
Event Data
Hard Data
Information Assurance
Legacy Data
Machine Data
Market Research
Master Data
Misuse of Statistics
Personal Data
Personal Information
Predictive Analytics
Primary Data
Primary Research
Qualitative Data
Qualitative Info
Quantitative Data
Raw Data
Reference Data
Small Data
Soft Data
Source Data
Statistical Analysis
Statistical Population
Structured Data
Transaction Processing
Transactional Data
Types Of Data
Unstructured Data
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