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14 Types of Modular Products

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Modular products are products composed of interchangeable components. This may allow customers to customize, repair and reuse products. Module products also have numerous benefits for the seller as they are fertile ground for upselling. Products that can be customized and reused may develop a culture of creativity around them that is valuable to a brand. The following are illustrative examples of modular products.


Modules that can be swapped to provide different types of functionality such as the lens on a camera.


Modules that allow a product to fit into a set of constraints such as modular furniture designed to fit in almost any shape and size of space.


Products that are meant to support creative processes such as play blocks.


Allowing third parties to extend your products such as a game system that is open to game developers with interfaces such as game cartridges.


Allowing customers to participate in the product to build a rich brand culture. For example, a game that allows users to develop mods.


Modules that allow customers to create unique versions of a product. For example, modularization is a common way to implement mass customization whereby customers can use design tools to order a unique product.


Modules that can be upgraded over time such that customers need not replace their entire device.


Modules that incrementally improve performance such as a computer that gets faster as you plug in more processors.


Modules for constructing robots or modular swarm robots that self-organize to complete tasks.


Modules that allow for reuse such as data storage that can be swapped from your old mobile device into a new one.


The ability to upgrade old modules that are beyond their lifespan. For example, replacing a battery on a mobile device to restore it to its original power performance.


Modules that allow customers or a field technician to swap out broken components to repair a product or system. For example, a field technician who can replace a broken solar module.

Design for Logistics

Modules that are designed to improve the efficiency of inventory storage and shipping such as furniture that is assembled by the customer that fits into an efficient size of rectangular box.


Modular design allows for resilience whereby a module can go down and other modules continue to operate normally. As a theoretical example, an electric car could have a large number of independent power units. If one goes down, the others continue to operate normally.
Overview: Modular Products
Products composed of interchangeable components.
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