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Program Management Examples

17 Project Management Principles

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Project management principles are guidelines that an organization, program, project or professional adopts as a general approach to sponsoring, leading and managing projects. The following are illustrative examples.

Continuous Change

Change is continuous. Project approaches that attempt to freeze change for long periods of time tend to fail. As such, it is often better to recognize that changes occur at any time.

Empowered Teams

Teams have authority to get work done. Projects need motivated and committed leaders who have the authority and influence to clear issues.

Face To Face

Teams frequently communicate verbally. It is best if a team can sit together.

Fail Well

Failure is quick, cheap and safe. Risks are identified and treated such that releases can only fail quickly, cheaply and safely.

Iterative Lifecycle

Projects are a series of short iterations. Each iteration is a complete cycle from planning to deployment. The length of iterations is short with the largest of projects handled with iterations of weeks in duration.

Knowledge Capture

Knowledge is captured. Documentation explains the reasons for decisions including alternatives that were considered. Knowledge capture is focused on analysis and insight.

Learning From Failure

Failure is openly managed. Setbacks can be expected of any ambitious initiative. As such, openly managing failure, learning from it and bouncing back without loss of motivation is a productive approach.

Lightweight Methodology

Project management is a lightweight process. The startling complexity of managing large programs and projects with conventional waterfall methodologies tends fail in painful ways. Small scale iterative approaches allow project management processes to be lightweight and flexible.

Motivated Teams

Teams are high performance. A skilled, motivated and energized team of ten people can outperform a mediocre and disengaged team of hundreds. As such, teams aren't treated as a commodity resource but are valued and carefully cultivated. Performance is rewarded and performance issues are managed without delay.

Open Information

Teams are informed and openly share information. Fights the bizarre tendency for teams to hide information from each other and for management to hide information from their team.

Project Culture

Teams embrace a set of values, norms, habits and expected behaviors. Culture is both explicitly defined and developed to make it a group habit. Basic norms such as candor and treating each other with respect can bring large gains in efficiency and risk reduction.

Project Narrative

A project has a compelling narrative. If something is worth doing it can be explained with an interesting narrative that instantly conveys its value.

Project Priorities

Priorities are ordered. Prioritization schemes based on rankings result in everything being ranked high priority. In order to keep iterations short, requirements need to be strictly ordered. In many cases, only a few requirements can be addressed per release. A backlog of requirements is maintained. It is acceptable for the backlog to grow very large. Priority ordering of a large backlog ensures that the highest priority items are always being implemented.

Ship Often

Features are shipped often. Work is continuously integrated, tested and released. At the beginning of a project, the focus is getting something launched even if it has minimal value from the start. Features are then added regularly and value quickly scales up.

Small Interdisciplinary Teams

Project teams are small and interdisciplinary. Teams are close-knit, dedicated units of no more than 16 members or so. They are designed to be complete with representatives from business, operations, architecture and technology. Each member both contributes work and potentially represents the interests of an organizational unit.

Sustainable Effort

Work is produced at a sustainable pace. Teams are valued as high performance units that have long term value that is not to be compromised by burning people out in a panic over short term goals.

Working Features

Progress is measured in working features. Teams have leverage to organize their work in any way they see fit. Progress is measured in working features that are regularly released.

Project Management

This is the complete list of articles we have written about project management.
Acceptance Criteria
Acceptance Testing
Actual Cost
Basis Of Estimate
Behavioral Requirements
Burndown Chart
Change Control
Change Control Board
Change Fatigue
Change Request
Concept Note
Cone Of Uncertainty
Corrective Action
Cost Baseline
Cost Contingency
Cost Control
Cost Overrun
Cost Variance
Defect Density
Definition Of Done
Document Control
Earned Value
Estimate At Completion
Estimate To Complete
Feasibility Analysis
Fudge Factor
Full-Time Equivalent
Human Factors
Issue Management
Lead Time
Lessons Learned
Level Of Effort
Opportunity Study
Out Of Scope
Parametric Estimate
Phased Implementation
Planned Value
Program Management
Project Charter
Project Communication
Project Complexity
Project Concept
Project Controls
Project Failure
Project Goals
Project Management
Project Metrics
Project Planning
Project Productivity
Project Proposal
Project Risk
Regression Testing
Requirements Quality
Return On Investment
Risk Register
Schedule Baseline
Schedule Chicken
Scope Baseline
Scope Creep
Set Up To Fail
Smoke Testing
Stakeholder Management
Statement Of Work
Story Points
Use Case
User Stories
Variance Analysis
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Continuous Change

The definition of continuous change with examples.

Project Risk

A list of common project risks.

Project Management Basics

A list of basic project management techniques.


A definition of workaround with examples.

Project Branding

A list of project branding techniques.

Stakeholder Management

An overview of project stakeholder management with examples.

Action Plan

A definition of action plan with examples.

Cost Overrun

The primary types of cost overrun.

Document Control

The definition of document control with examples.

Project Oversight

A guide to project oversight.

Design-Driven Development

A definition of design driven development with examples.

Project Risk

A list of common project risks.

Project Stakeholder

A list of common project stakeholders.

Business Risks

A list of common business risks.

Risk vs Issue

The difference between a risk and an issue.

Risk Treatment

The five things that can be done about risk.

Secondary Risk

The definition of secondary risk with examples.

Risk Register

A guide to creating a risk register with an example.

Risk Perception

A definition of risk perception with examples.


The common types of implementation.

Project Risk Management

A reasonably complete guide to project risk management.
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