Design analysis is the systematic process of developing a design including all information discovery, planning and communications. This can be applied to any type of design including the design of physical things such as buildings and intangible things such as software, information and processes. The following are illustrative examples of design analysis.
Capturing and organizing requirements from clients.Identifying the gaps between the current state of things and a desired state. For example, capturing the reasons that a user interface is perceived as difficult and unpleasant to use.
Establishing design objectives and figuring out how success or failure will be measured.Estimating the cost, time and resource usage of requirements and design alternatives.
ResearchDiscovering information in support of a design process. For example, market research for a product design.
Freely generating a pool of ideas for a design.
Constraints & AssumptionsImposing constraints and assumptions on a design. For example, the constraint that a product package conform to a brand style guide.
Design ConceptDeveloping a basic design concept. These are often pitched to clients and a design proceeds no further until a concept is accepted.
ExperimentationDesigning and conducting experiments to validate ideas.
SimulationSimulating aspects of a design to validate ideas and get feedback from clients.A test or preliminary model of a design or design element.Experiments and tests designed to see if a design approach will work.
Making and documenting design decisions. For example, an architect who decides what materials to use in a building.Resolving any problems or design challenges. For example, an architect who needs a way to transport natural light into the interior of a large building who discovers a solution that uses fiber optics.
Structural DesignDesign at the structural level such as the architecture of a building.Design at the detailed level such as the interior design of a building.
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