ScienceScientific laws and theories such as Newton's Law of Universal Gravitation that basically says that gravity exists.
DesignThe design principle that Less is More or the alternative principle that Less is a Bore. Design principles are often adopted according to the style of a designer and aren't typically universally accepted.
AccountingAccounting principles such as GAAP (generally accepted accounting principles) are standards and procedures that are required by law in many instances.
Organizational CultureIt is common for organizations, departments and teams to adopt principles that serve as useful guidelines in a wide range of processes and interactions. For example, a firm might adopt the principle that the customer is always right to guide customer interactions and policy.
Professional EthicsPrinciples of ethics that apply to a profession such as doctors, lawyers and engineers.
Standards & MethodologiesIt is common for a standard or methodology to be based on foundational principles such as the Manifesto for Agile Software Development.
IndividualsIndividuals may establish professional principles as a tool in their work. Principles can help to avoid overthinking as they serve as guidelines that may simplify decisions. On the negative side, if a principle is wrong or inadequate, this can lead to a large number of poor decisions and outcomes. A common example of a professional principle is think global, act local that suggests that a professional act in the best interests of the firm, stakeholders, communities and planet within the context of their work.
A foundational rule.
A foundational rule, guideline, idea, fact or framework that has significant implications for decision making and problem solving.