Requirements traceability is the practice of connecting requirements to related information to support requirements validation, analysis, decision making, project management, implementation and testing. Requirements traceability can be implemented as a matrix that links each requirement to related information. The following are common examples.
Business CaseStating the related business case or goal for each requirement to ensure that the business has actually asked for it. For example, a requirement for a change to a sales workflow might be connected to the business case "reduce order processing time."
ObjectiveLinking a requirement to an objective. It is a common best practice to list requirements at the lowest level possible. Requirements can then be grouped together by the objective that they achieve. For example, ten different requirements for data, process and user interface changes might relate to "capture customer contacts" as an objective.
SourceListing the person and business unit who submitted the requirement.
ProcessThe impacted business processes.
TechnologyThe impacted components or systems.
DataImpacted data entities.
TestsLinking requirements to test cases.
SpecificationsLinking business requirements to detailed specifications such as a technical design.
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